Announcements

BDSM as Serious Leisure - new study

This past week, a new study was published by the folks at the Center for Positive Sexuality in Los Angeles, and Idaho State University, and their colleagues.  We are very happy to see this significant addition to the published literature on BDSM.

If anyone wants more information about it, please don't hesitate to contact us at info@carasresearch.org

J Sex Med. 2016 May 24. pii: S1743-6095(16)30191-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jsxm.2016.05.001. [Epub ahead of print]

Is Bondage and Discipline, Dominance and Submission, and Sadomasochism Recreational Leisure? A Descriptive Exploratory Investigation.

Dj Williams1, Prior EE2, Alvarado T3, Thomas JN4, Christensen MC5. Author information: 1Center for Positive Sexuality, Burbank, CA, USA; Idaho State University, Pocatello, ID, USA. Electronic address: willdj@isu.edu. 2Center for Positive Sexuality, Burbank, CA, USA; College of the Canyons, Santa Clarita, CA, USA. 3College of the Canyons, Santa Clarita, CA, USA. 4Center for Positive Sexuality, Burbank, CA, USA; Idaho State University, Pocatello, ID, USA. 5Center for Positive Sexuality, Burbank, CA, USA; University of Texas-San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA. Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Recent studies have suggested that, in contrast to traditional psychopathologic explanations, bondage and discipline, dominance and submission, and sadomasochism (BDSM) could be understood as recreational leisure. However, the theoretical framing of BDSM as potential leisure has not been empirically explored. AIM: To conduct an initial empirical exploration to determine whether BDSM experience fits established characteristics of recreational leisure.

METHODS: A convenience sample of BDSM participants (N = 935) completed an online survey (9 demographic questions and 17 leisure questions) that assessed BDSM experience according to important attributes of leisure. Responses also were assessed and statistically compared as being primarily casual or serious leisure according to general BDSM identities (ie, dominants vs submissives vs switches).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: BDSM experiences were assessed as a form of potential leisure.

RESULTS: Most BDSM experiences met leisure criteria. Participants reported that "most of the time or nearly always" BDSM was associated with a sense of personal freedom (89.7% of participants), pleasure or enjoyment (98.5%), sense of adventure (90.7%), use of personal skills (90.8%), relaxation or decreased stress (91.4%), self-expression or exploration (90.6%), and positive emotions (96.6%). BDSM seemed to function as primarily serious, rather than casual, leisure, but important statistical differences were observed based on specific BDSM identities.

CONCLUSION: A leisure science perspective could be valuable to researchers and clinicians in reinterpreting the wide range of diverse BDSM motivations and practices.

June 4, 2016